Contact us today!

Professional Computer Associates Blog

Professional Computer Associates has been serving the Red Hook area since 1999, providing IT Support such as technical helpdesk support, computer support, and consulting to small and medium-sized businesses.

5 Security Analogies to Help You Better Understand Hacking

5 Security Analogies to Help You Better Understand Hacking

How often do you read a blog article about network security only to be blown away by all of the overly complicated and confusing jargon of the industry? We know that it’s not necessarily your specialty, but it’s still important that you understand how network security works for your organization. While the complicated details should be left to IT professionals, we can help you better understand the general idea of security by comparing it to a locked door.

Brute Force Attacks
Let’s say that a robber wants to break into your home. He will try to go through a door, but he might not have the keys required to get in. In this case, he will have to use everything at his disposal to get in. He might try to kick the door down or smash a window. In other words, he’s getting into your house by brute force.

Brute force in computing can consist of a hacker trying to use as many passwords as possible in a short period of time to get in. There are programs that can randomly generate countless passwords in seconds, making this method of attack quite devastating when it’s effective.

Social Engineering
Let’s say that you have a new neighbor on your street. They ask you over for dinner and you get to know them. You feel like you are getting along with them quite well--well enough to trust them to water your plants while you’re out of the state on vacation for a few weeks. You give them a key, but when you come home, all of the plants are dead and you’re missing some furniture or technology. Yup, they’ve robbed you--you’re sure of it.

Social engineering takes a calculated approach to hacking and data theft. Hackers will make personalized attempts to steal your passwords and information by taking on the identity of someone you think you can trust with this information, like an “old friend” or “your elderly grandmother.”

Security Exploits
Robbers may try to find weak points in your front door. Maybe the door doesn’t quite lock all the way due to a defect in the manufacturing process. In this case, the robber may research what the weak points of the door are so that they can know the best and most efficient way of getting past your defenses.

Security exploits are weaknesses in software on your computer that allow hackers to sneak into your system and get into all sorts of trouble. These can range from weaknesses in the way that sensitive information is handled, to particular lines of code that create problems for your organization. Ultimately, it only takes a single crack in your defenses--a security exploit--to allow a hacker into your infrastructure.

Trojan Horse
Someone might knock on your door and tell you that something within your household is in need of repair. Maybe they know that you have a leaky faucet that needs to be addressed, or they know that you have some concerns about your furnace. They are then invited into your home and go about their business. You may then notice that you’re missing important items afterward, hinting that the off-the-street good Samaritan was, in reality, a scammer.

Trojans work like this in many ways. Just like the Greek horse of old, a Trojan sneaks onto your system and plants a backdoor, allowing for secret re-entry at a later date. Often times, a Trojan will use a larger data breach to mask its presence, and then continue to steal information in small doses as time goes on.

Two-Factor Authentication
Two locks are better than one in most circumstances. For example, you can have one lock on the doorknob and another on the deadbolt, which keeps the door fastened in place even if the door is forced open near the doorknob. Basically, having two types of locks makes it twice as hard to get to anything of value.

Two-factor authentication can be used to provide this secondary credential to your digital assets, including online accounts or network logins. A secondary code can be sent to an email address or mobile device, which allows your employees to access important information only when both of these are present.

Does your organization need help with network security? Professional Computer Associates can help. To learn more, reach out to us at 845-876-6561.

Which Approach Puts Your IT in a Better Position?
Tip of the Week: Saving a Windows Product Key to a...


No comments made yet. Be the first to submit a comment
Already Registered? Login Here
Sunday, 21 January 2018

Captcha Image


Tag Cloud

Security Tip of the Week Best Practices Cloud Privacy Hackers Technology Backup Business Computing Network Security Malware Managed IT Services Hosted Solutions Disaster Recovery Google Microsoft VoIP Business Continuity Business Software Mobile Devices Outsourced IT Productivity Email Windows 10 Data Internet Smartphones Efficiency communications Computer Hardware Innovation IT Support Cybercrime Office Android Ransomware Browser Data Backup Alert Server Telephone Systems IT Services Windows Small Business Saving Money Computers Business Management User Tips Mobile Device Management Quick Tips Chrome Upgrade Social Engineering How To Cybersecurity Cloud Computing Data Recovery Mobility Save Money Work/Life Balance Virtualization Microsoft Office Law Enforcement Avoiding Downtime Collaboration Holiday Network Recovery Smartphone BDR Social Media Miscellaneous BYOD Passwords Workplace Tips App Hacking Firewall Office Tips Managed IT Flexibility Facebook Proactive IT Wi-Fi Money Operating System HaaS Office 365 Information Technology Health Productivity Private Cloud Two-factor Authentication Budget Communication Bring Your Own Device Password Managed Service Provider Bandwidth Spam SaaS Router Gmail Compliance Automation Managed IT Services Safety Data Breach User Error Marketing Redundancy Remote Monitoring Gadgets Windows 10 Data Management Black Market Artificial Intelligence Value Internet of Things Risk Management Google Drive Employer-Employee Relationship Phishing Save Time History Data Security Automobile Best Practice Spam Blocking Meetings Worker Data storage Shadow IT Wireless Apple Government Apps End of Support Internet Exlporer Battery Vulnerability Mobile Device Settings The Internet of Things Content Filtering Data Storage Workers Applications Public Cloud Charger Remote Computing Entertainment Business Intelligence Identity Theft Wireless Technology Solid State Drive Wearable Technology Hiring/Firing Credit Cards Computer Care IT Management Computing Infrastructure Word OneNote Samsung Physical Security Patch Management Mobile Computing VPN Business Owner Keyboard Scam Unsupported Software Downtime Cleaning DDoS Flash Online Shopping Going Green Robot Music Tech Support Distributed Denial of Service WiFi webinar Relocation Benefits Specifications Theft Sync Evernote Laptop Assessment USB Software as a Service Data loss Conferencing Smart Technology Millennials Cortana HBO IaaS Touchpad Telephony Windows 10s Rootkit Television Outlook Troubleshooting Update Legal Mouse Screen Mirroring eWaste IT Support Workforce Google Apps YouTube Frequently Asked Questions Content Skype Internet exploMicrosoft Training Public Computer Humor Hosted Solution Google Docs Cast Environment iPhone Two Factor Authentication Telecommuting Infrastructure Education Lithium-ion battery Excel Audiobook Start Menu Running Cable Audit Advertising Vendor Management Monitor Website Sports Streaming Media Tip of the week Remote Work Password Manager NarrowBand Politics Mobile Hard Drives Computer Fan Knowledge Networking Reputation Big Data Voice over Internet Protocol Video Games SharePoint Windows Server 2008 Files Electronic Medical Records Users Encryption Professional Services FENG Hybrid Cloud Unified Threat Management Network Congestion IBM Customer Books Multi-Factor Security Scalability Data Warehousing Notifications Windows 7 Emails People Colocation Chromecast Virtual Reality HIPAA Tools Fax Server PDF Supercomputer Emergency Trending Wireless Charging Instant Messaging Regulations Mobile Office Employer Employee Relationship Fraud Worker Commute Uninterrupted Power Supply IT solutions IT Consultant Current Events Lifestyle Fiber-Optic Search IT Plan hacker Computer Accessories Amazon Botnet Leadership Data Protection Cables How to Document Management Servers Antivirus Netflix Bluetooth Amazon Web Services Loyalty Experience Travel Techology Root Cause Analysis Transportation Comparison Unified Communications Software Tips Thank You Congratulations Business Mangement Recycling Webinar IT solutions CrashOverride Administration

Free Consultation

Free ConsultationSign up today for a
FREE Network Consultation
How secure is your IT infrastructure?
Let us evaluate it for free!

Sign up Now!